Nutrition Ecology - Introduction

Nutrition ecology is a relatively recent term, coined in 1986 by a group of nutritionists from the University of Giessen, in Germany. It is an inter-disciplinary science, which examines all components of the food chain and evaluates their effects from four main points of view: human health, the environment, society and the economy.

The components of the food chain are those involved in the process of food production and consumption. This means the whole cycle is followed "from the cradle to the grave", including the production, harvesting, conservation, storage, transport, processing, packaging, sales, distribution, preparation, making up and consumption of food and the disposal of the waste materials produced during the various phases.